Factors associated with medical students' career choices at a private university: a cross-sectional study

Document Type



Medical College Pakistan; Paediatrics and Child Health


This study aimed to identify the factors associated with students' career choices and the decision whether they wanted to be trained abroad or in Pakistan. The study utilised a cross-sectional design and was conducted between July 2021 and February 2022. An anonymous survey was distributed among the medical students at Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. All analysis was carried out using Stata 17. A total of 269 students participated in the study. The most sought-after specialties were surgery 68 (25.3%), medicine 25(9.3%), and paediatrics 14(5.2%), and the decision was highly influenced by positive mentors and lifestyle. In addition, 259 (96%) of the students expressed a desire to practice abroad for training due to higher financial prospects and quality of training. This study revealed that providing enthusiastic mentors may encourage medical students to pursue a broader range of specialties. Furthermore, there is a need for advances in postgraduate training and increase in salaries to restore trust in Pakistan's healthcare system.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association