Complementary feeding pattern and nutritional status of children

Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


Objective: To determine the complementary feeding patterns and their association with malnutrition.
Study design: Prospective observational study. Place and Duration of the Study: Outpatient clinics of Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan, from June to November 2019.
Methodology: A total of 207 children from age six to twenty-four months, who presented in the outdoor clinics of the study place, were enrolled. Data were recorded in a predesigned data sheet adopted from the infant and young child feeding module. Chi-square test was applied post-stratification and a p-value of Results: Among a total of 207 children, 115 (55.6%) were males and 92 (44.4%) were females, with a mean age of 14.15 ± 5.6 months. Complementary feeding was started at an appropriate age in 124 (60%) children. Normal weight was seen in 133 (64.3%) children, while 73 (35.3%) were underweight. Stunting was presented in 44 (21.3%) children, whereas 163 (78.7%) children were of normal length. The most common reason for early initiation of complementary feeding was difficulty in continuing to breastfeed (n=50, 24.2%); the most common reason behind late complementary feeding was bottle feeding (n=45, 21.7%).
Conclusion: Only sixty percent of mothers living in an urban setting started complementary feeding at an appropriate age. Various myths are counteracting complementary feeding practices

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan