Neurokinin 1/3 receptor antagonists for menopausal women: A current systematic review and insights into the investigational non-hormonal therapy

Document Type

Review Article


Paediatrics and Child Health


Background: Over 75% of menopausal women experience vasomotor symptoms (VMS), such as night sweats and hot flashes. Despite the prevalence of these symptoms, there is limited data on non-hormonal therapies to alleviate them.
Methods: PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, Ovid, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.Gov were searched for relevant studies. The search was performed using the following keywords, which were customized to suit the specific databases/registers: menopause, women, neurokinin 3, and/or Fezolinetant. The search was conducted until December 20, 2022. This systematic review was conducted in compliance with the PRISMA Statement 2020 guidelines.
Results: A total of 326 records were found, with 10 studies (enrolling 1993 women) selected for inclusion. The women received 40-mg doses of NK1/3 receptor antagonists twice daily, with follow-ups at 1 to 3 weeks. Moderately strong evidence was found suggesting that NK1/3 receptor antagonists can help limit the frequency and severity of hot flashes in menopausal women.
Conclusion: While the results should be interpreted with caution until further clinical trials validate the efficacy and safety of NK1/3 receptor antagonists among menopausal women, these findings suggest that they are promising targets for future pharmacological and clinical studies in addressing vasomotor symptoms


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