Remote monitoring in heart failure patients: A systemic review and meta-analysis

Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


Heart failure (HF) approximately affects about 1%-2% of the adult population in developed countries and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Inadequate HF management occurs because of poor adherence to prescribed medications. This meta-analysis compares and contrasts standard care with remote medication monitoring in HF patients. Six randomized control trials were selected using the PubMed database from inception until October 25, 2022, incorporating a total of 2390 patients with HF, out of which 1260 were subjected to remote monitoring while the remaining were in the control group. An odds ratio (OR) with a confidence interval (CI) of 95% was calculated. Remote monitoring in HF patients did not significantly reduce the risks of Cardiovascular (CV) hospitalization <6 months (RR = 0.32, P = 0.27), emergency department (ED) visits (RR = 0.95, P = 0.56) and all-cause mortality (RR = 1.08, P = 0.36). However, a significant reduction in CV hospitalization >6 months was associated with remote monitoring (RR = 0.83, P = 0.002). The meta-analysis revealed that remote monitoring does not significantly reduce the risks of CV hospitalizations, ED visits, or mortality in patients with HF. Therefore, standard care methods must continue to be utilized in HF management


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Current problems in cardiology