Document Type



Surgery; Urology


Objective: To evaluate the impact of nephrostomy tube type on postoperative pain and blood loss following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Methods: This is a prospective non-randomized study performed at Aga Khan University Hospital from July 2017 to June 2018. In this study we prospectively studied adult patients (16 to 65 years) who underwent unilateral PCNL. Patients who had nephrostomy with balloon (12Fr Foley's catheter) were compared with patients who had nephrostomy without balloon (12Fr Nelaton™ catheter). STONE Nephrolithometry score was used to assess the stone complexity. Mean pain score at six and 24 hours and mean hemoglobin drop at 24 hours was compared between two groups using independent sample t-test, p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Over one year, 198 PCNL were performed out of which 119 were included for analysis. Sixty-six had nephrostomy tube with balloon and 53 had nephrostomy tube without balloon. Mean STONE score (9.66±1.4 vs. 9.64±1.24) and operative time (72.84±28.34 vs. 86.05±32.1 minutes) was comparable. Mean postoperative pain score at 6 hours and 24 hours postoperative was significantly lower in balloon group as compared to without balloon group. Mean Hemoglobin drop was similar in both groups (p=0.60).
Conclusion: The use of nephrostomy tube with balloon after PCNL as this is associated with less pain and comparable hemoglobin drop as compare to nephrostomy tube without balloon.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.