Stone clearance in lower pole nephrolithiasis after extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy - the controversy continues
Background: To determine factors influencing the clearance of fragments after extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for lower pole calyceal (LPC) stones.Methods: In the period between July 1998 and Oct 2001, 100 patients with isolated lower polar calyceal calculi or= 14 years, were included in the study. Intravenous urograms (IVU) were reviewed to define the LPC anatomy (width of the infundibulum and pelvicalyceal angle). Study end points i.e. stone free status; number of shock waves used and number of sessions were correlated with variables like LPC anatomy, body mass index and stone size.Results: At three months follow up the clearance for stone size 90 degrees ) had stone clearance of 94 and 100% respectively. For the infundibular width of < 4 mm, the stone clearance was 93% were as for > 4 mm, it was 100%. For body mass index (BMI) less than and > 30 kg/m2, the stone clearance was 92 and 95% respectively.CONCLUSIONS: There is a trend towards more ESWL sessions and shock wave requirement in patients with acute pelvi-calyceal angle and narrow infundibulum but it is not statistically significant. Size (
Publication ( Name of Journal)
Ather, M. H.,
(2003). Stone clearance in lower pole nephrolithiasis after extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy - the controversy continues. BMC Urology, 3, 1.
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