Insights into embryology and development of omphalocele

Document Type



Paediatric Surgery


Congenital abdominal wall defects are one of the most common human birth defects with an incidence of about 1 in 2000 live births. While often discussed together abdominal wall defects consist mainly of two distinct entities namely gastroschisis and omphalocele. There is no clear consensus explaining the precise embryological mechanisms leading to the development of an omphalocele. Many clinicians and embryologists have attempted to explain congenital malformation as a result of failure of progression of normal embryonic development. This review summarizes the mechanisms involved in normal and abnormal development of the ventral abdominal wall.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Seminars in Pediatric Surgery