To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous catheter drain placement with percutaneous needle aspiration in terms of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention performed.
The retrospective cohort study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of patients with amoebic liver abscess from, January 2006 to December 2016 which was collected using non-probability purposeful sampling. Primary outcome included length of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention. Secondary outcomes included development of complications, need for re-intervention and abscess resolution. SPSS 22 was used for data analysis. .
Of the 62 patients, 36(58%) underwent percutaneous needle aspiration Group A, and 26(42%) were treated with percutaneous catheter drain placement Group B. Both groups were malnourished and anaemic at presentation. Overall, 56(90.3%) patients had single abscess and 44(71%) had it in the right lobe. Mean duration of symptoms was less in Group B compared to Group A (11.2±4.5 versus 16.4±3.2 days). Mean abscess size was 6.13cm ± 9.75cm in Group A and 7.40cm ± 8.40cm in Group B. The mean length of hospital stay Group A was shorter than in Group B (p=0.047) with earlier resolution of symptoms (p=0.027).
Both methods were found to be effective in treating amoebic liver abscess in children, but percutaneous needle aspiration was more effective.
The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jilani, S. M.
(2019). Amoebic liver abscess: Outcomes of percutaneous needle aspiration vs drain placement in paediatric population.. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 69(Supl. 1), S29-S32.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_paediatr/39
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