Primary laparoscopic repair of high imperforate anus in neonatal males

Document Type



Paediatric Surgery


Purpose: The standard approach to males with high imperforate anus has been a staged procedure starting with a descending colostomy, then posterior sagittal anorectoplasty with colostomy closure after 3 months. Recently, a minimally invasive approach to the repair of high imperforate anus has been described in infants after colostomy. We describe 6 newborn males with high imperforate anus successfully repaired laparoscopically as a primary, single-stage procedure.|
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients with imperforate anus from October 2003 to October 2006.
Results: We evaluated 9 newborn males with high imperforate anus. Of these patients, 6 underwent primary laparoscopic repair on day 1 to day 2 of life. Of these 6 patients, 3 were found to have bladder neck fistulas, whereas the other 3 had prostatic urethra fistulas. All patients passed stool within the first 72 hours postoperatively. One patient has required a procedure for a mild rectal prolapse. Follow-up ranges from 2 to 30 months in the single-stage group.
Conclusion: Our early results using primary laparoscopic repair appear encouraging. Laparoscopy allows excellent visualization and assessment of the fistula and repair of high imperforate anus without need for colostomy. Long-term follow-up will be needed to assess outcomes and continence rates.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Pediatric Surgery