Recombinant factor VIIa as an adjunct in nonoperative management of solid organ injuries in children
Background: Ongoing bleeding after blunt solid organ injury in children may require invasive therapy in the form of either angiographic or operative control. We report our experience in the use of a procoagulant, recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), for controlling persistent bleeding in blunt abdominal trauma in children.
Methods: After institutional review board approval, the records of 8 children with blunt abdominal trauma, persistent bleeding, and managed nonoperatively with rFVIIa were reviewed.
Results: All 8 patients presented to our institution after sustaining blunt abdominal trauma and solid organ injury. All children had evidence of persistent bleeding with a drop in hematocrit and elevation in heart rate. Patients received a single dose of rFVIIa at 75 to 90 microg/kg (1 patient had 24 microg/kg) and had successful control of their bleeding without any further therapeutic intervention. Only 3 patients required a blood transfusion after rFVIIa administration--2 who had subarachnoid hemorrhages and the third during pelvic fixation. There were no cases of thromboembolic events after treatment with rFVIIa.
Conclusions: Recombinant factor VIIa is a useful adjunctive therapy in pediatric patients with evidence of ongoing hemorrhage from blunt abdominal injury and may reduce the need for invasive therapeutic procedures and transfusions.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Vick, L. R.,
(2008). Recombinant factor VIIa as an adjunct in nonoperative management of solid organ injuries in children. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 43(1), 195-198.
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