Document Type



Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery


Objective: To determine all types and severity of Otolaryngology consultation requests at our tertiary care center and spectral records of problems related to otorhinolaryngology come across initially by residents which will help in re-shaping residency programmes and enhance patient related care.
Methodology: All otorhinolaryngology consultation received over a three-month period were recorded prospectively. Information collected for each encounter included the time, date, reason for consult at primary service and admission with final ENT diagnosis, any surgical or non-surgical intervention, and basic patient demographics.
Results: A total of 127 consults for inpatients were reviewed from April 2020 to June 2020. Out of total, 84 (66.1%) patients were male and 43 (33.8%) were females. Adult patient consultations amounted to 87(68.5%) while 18(14.1%) were in the age range of 6-18 years. Only 4(3.1%) consultations were raised for neonatal patients. Routine consultation were had for 64(50.3%) while 45(35.4%) patients were reviewed as an emergency. Operative interventions were required by 43(33.8%) among which tracheostomy was the most common operative procedure performed in 26(20.7%) patients. If we broadly classified ENT consultations, 40 (31.4%) were of problems related to head and neck region while 38 (29.9%) were related to the laryngology sub-specialty. Most common consultation was for airway assessment in 26(20.7%) patients followed by otorrhoea, in 15 (11.8%) patients.
Conclusions: In inpatients, upper airway assessment, aural discharge and epistaxis were the most frequent complaints for seeking ENT review. This study should prove to be beneficial in forming a curriculum of educational programme for junior residents.

Publication (Name of Journal)

The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association