Document Type



Orthopaedic Surgery


To find the association between the morphological characteristics of palatal rugae and sagittal skeletal patterns.
The retrospective charts review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital from April to June 2016, and comprised data obtained from the pretreatment dental cast of orthodontic patients visiting the dental clinics over 5 years from 2011 to 2015. The sample was divided equally in three malocclusion groups based on sagittal skeletal relationship Class I, Class II and Class III. The number of palatal rugae was recorded for both right and left sides. Morphological features of the three anterior most primary rugae were recorded for the length, pattern and orientation bilaterally. SPSS 20 was used to compare the number and lengths as well as the pattern and orientation of palatal rugae among the groups. RESULTS:
Of the 165 subjects, there were 55(33.3%) in each of the three groups. Significant differences were recorded in rugae lengths among the groups at ruga 1 on both sides and rugae 2 and 3 on the left side (p<0.05 each). There were significant differences in the palatal rugae patterns among the groups (p<0.05) except at rugae 2 and 3 on the left side (p>0.05). Orientation showed significant differences at ruga 2 on the right side (p=0.02).
No specific pattern was associated with any skeletal pattern. Further studies are required to evaluate three-dimensional characteristics of rugae to assess the association between palatal rugae and sagittal skeletal patterns.


Journal of Pakistan Medical Association

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License