Evolution of trauma management at a tertiary care hospital: a cohort study.

Document Type



Orthopaedic Surgery


Objective:To analyze the characteristics of polytrauma Patients and to assess the outcome of trauma care as this specialty has evolved over the years at a university hospital.


The study included all polytrauma Patients treated between January 1998 and September 2005 at a tertiary care hospital in a megacity. Data of 1009 Patients was collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups A and B, based on their presentation before and after the introduction of a formal trauma training course in 2002. The analysis included demographic data, injury severity score, vital signs including hemodynamics and GCS on admission, intubation rates, mortality and complications.


435 Patients were included in group A (1998-2001) whereas group B (2002-2005) comprised of 574 Patients. The proportion of Patients with accidental versus intentional injuries was similar in both groups. The mean injury severity score of group A was 11.9 whereas that of group B was 11.7. Almost 50% of Patients were transferred from other hospitals. Transferred Patients had significantly lower GCS (p


International Journal of Surgery (London, England)