Orthopaedic Surgery; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Objective: To study the frequency of the thigh, hip and groin soft tissue sarcomas and retrospectively analyse the management, treatment results, and outcomes of these uncommon malignant tumours, in a tertiary care hospital of the city of Karachi.
Methodology: Data of soft tissue tumours registered from 2017-2018 was retrieved during January 2019 to March 2019 from Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi bone and soft tissue tumour registry. A retrospective review was performed and all soft tissue tumour cases treated with surgical intervention (with adjuvant /neoadjuvant therapy) or palliative intention were included.
Results: Total 119 cases of soft tissue tumours (STS) were identified out of which 85 were malignant cases (sarcomas) while 30 were benign. On presentation 84 (70.6%) were primary cases. On topographical distribution, there were 25 patients who had hip, groin and thigh sarcoma. Of these, 15 were males and 10 were females. As treatment, neo-adjuvant radiation was done in 4 (16%) patients and adjuvant chemo/radio therapy was given to 13 (52%) patients. Wide margin excision was performed in 19 (76%) patients and 4 (16%) had amputation. Reconstruction was offered to 3 (12%) patients. In post-surgical complications, 1 (4%) patient had wound infection. On final surgical histopathology, majority of the sarcomas were liposarcomas, myxofibrosarcoma, synovial sarcoma and Leiomyosarcoma. Post-surgery recurrence occurred in 7 (28%) patients. Overall survival was 76%.
Conclusions: In treatment of soft tissue sarcoma, limb salvage is an achievable option and survival results are also good.
JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shamsi, Z. A.,
Tariq, M. U.
(2021). Treatment and outcomes of soft tissue sarcoma of groin, hip and thigh: A retrospective review from a tertiary care hospital. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 71(8(Suppl 5)), S75-S78.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_orthop/158