Document Type



Orthopaedic Surgery; Medical College Pakistan


Objective: To find various preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative factors that predict an increased length of stay in patients following total knee arthroplasty.
Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients regardless of gender, co-morbids and age who had undergone a unilateral or bilateral total knee arthroplasty between January 2007 and December 2015. An increased length of stay was defined as ≥75th centile (≥11 days).
Results: Of the 577 patients, 448(77.6%) were women. Overall, 311(53.9%) patients were aged 56-70 years. Of the total, 100(17.3%) patients stayed for at least 11 days. There was a weak but positive correlation between increasing body mass index and increased length of stay (p=0.017). Following adjusted-multivariate logistic regression analysis, the most significant predictors contributing to an increased length of stay were bilateral knee surgery, postoperative transfusion and postoperative special care unit stay (p
Conclusion: |Bilateral total knee arthroplasty, postoperative transfusion and postoperative special care unit stay were found to be associated with an increased length of stay.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association