Title

Injury specific trauma registry: Outcomes of a prospective cohort with proximal femur fractures

Document Type

Article

Department

Orthopaedic Surgery

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
The elderly population is prone to hip fractures, and treating such patients to achieve good outcomes can be challenging. Collection of outcomes data can support clinicians to modify their treatment protocols and improve outcomes over time. The aim of this study is to compare different surgical procedures in patients with neck of femur and intertrochanteric fractures in terms of clinical, functional and radiological outcomes using injury-specific outcome scores.
METHODS:
The study data was derived from the existing single-center, prospective orthopaedic trauma registry initiated from July 2015. Functional, clinical and radiological outcomes were assessed using Modified Harris Hip Score and The Radiographic Union Score for Hip. Mean radiological outcome scores was compared by Mann-Whitney U test and deaths by Chi-square and Odds ratio. RESULTS:
Of the total 138 patients, 53 (38%) were neck of femur and 85 (62%) Intertrochanteric fractures with fall as leading cause of injury. At 12 months follow-up, modified Harris Hip Score showed 67% excellent-good results in both dynamic hip screw (N = 6) and total hip replacement (N = 3) followed by 50% in intramedullary nail (N = 2). Hemiarthroplasty has fair-poor outcomes with significantly higher deaths as compared to other procedure groups (p = 0.016). Radiological outcomes showed non-significant trend towards better outcomes in dynamic hip screw as compared to intramedullary nail (p = 0.08).
CONCLUSION:
Our 12 months follow-up data suggest that dynamic hip screw and total hip replacement have better clinical, functional outcomes followed by intramedullary nail. Hemiarthroplasty has fair-poor clinical and functional outcomes with significantly higher deaths as compared to other procedure groups.

Publication

Annals of Medicine and Surgery

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