Objective:To evaluate the presentation, clinical course and outcome of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) withendovascular treatment at our institution during the last five years.
Design: Retrospective descriptive study.
Setting: The study included patients seen at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2000 to December 2005.
Methods: Retrospective analysis based on data retrieval from medical records using ICD coding system. Only those cases who had traumatic CCF and underwent endovascular treatment were included in the study.
Results: A total of 8 patients were diagnosed with post-traumatic CCF and 11 procedures were done. Mean age at presentation was 35.6 years; mean duration of symptoms was 23 weeks after trauma; 6 patients were male and 2 female. Patients presented from 1 week to 2 years after the trauma; 7 had high-flow fistulas and 1 had low-flow fistula. Proptosis was the most common symptom (6 patients); decreased vision was present in 3 patients; 4 patients had an accompanying skull base fracture; and 1 patient had bilateral CCF. All patients were treated by endovascular procedures; 2 patients had recurrences, seen within 1 month of initial treatment and subsequently successfully treated. In 1 patient, the procedure failed due to the small size of the fistula.
Conclusion: High success rate with minimal complications as seen in our series supports endovascular treatment as the leading option for CCF management
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences
Ul Haq, T.,
(2007). Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula: Clinical presentation and outcome. Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences, 2(4), 213-216.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_neurosurg/70