Primary trauma care course: Alternative basic trauma course in developing countries. "The need of the hour"

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Objective: Low- and middle-income countries account for over 90% of all road traffic injury deaths. Despite this, formal training in trauma management is not widely adopted in these countries. No specific training was available in prehospital or emergency department for life support before primary trauma care (PTC) course. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the PTC course in the improvement of knowledge and skills of trauma management among participant in Pakistan.
Method: Two days of PTC courses were organised and conducted in various regions of Pakistan, participants per course comprising medical students, doctors, house officers, residents, and paramedics. The course comprises lectures of 5 hours and 30 minutes, skills workshops for 3 hours and discussion and multisystem trauma scenarios for 3 hours. Trauma management knowledge and clinical confidence of candidates were assessed using a predetermined multiple-choice questionnaire of 30 MCQs both at pre- and post-course, and using clinical scenarios, confidence matrix was assessed.
Results: A total 7852 of participants were trained, an average of 2 courses per month and 302 total courses. Mean score of pre-course MCQs was 60% and mean score of post-course MCQs was 82%. Among the participant postgraduate trainees, average in trauma knowledge and trauma clinical confidence were significantly higher in both pre- and post-course. The mean score of pre-course confidence matrix was 70% and the mean score of post-course confidence matrix was 93%; at the end of course, all participants showed a high level of confidence in managing trauma mock scenarios. A total of 5889 (75%) participants had a ≥78.5% post-workshop knowledge score. However, only 1963 (25%) participants had a trauma skill score with ≤75 marks.
Conclusion: PTC workshop could be an alternative and cost-effective flexible course for gaining knowledge and clinical skills of initial trauma management and strengthening the capacity of trauma management training in developing countries with minimal resources for saving the life of trauma victims.


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International Journal of Clinical Practice