Background: Neurorehabilitation is an important aspect of continuing care for neurosurgical patients with functional disability. In developing countries, where formal home nursing frequently is unavailable, ensuring care after discharge is a difficult task. Training attendants to provide nursing care is an alternate option. In this study, we compared the outcomes of patients nursed by family members versus those looked after by a professional nurse.
Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. The study consisted of 2 groups. Group 1 (consisting of patients cared for by a professional nurse) included 94 patients and group 2 (patients cared for by family members) included 102. All these patients had activity of daily living score of ≥3. Glasgow Outcomes Scale score, time to decannulation, development/worsening of bedsores, and mortality were recorded and compared between the groups at follow-up.
Results: The study included 196 patients. Traumatic brain injury was the most common diagnosis. Nursing requirements were similar between the 2 groups and included tracheostomy care, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube care, peripherally inserted central catheter line care, care of patients with no bone flap, and log-rolling. The outcomes of the 2 groups were comparable and included bedsore development/worsening of grade, Glasgow Outcomes Scale score at follow-up, time to decannulation, and 30-day mortality.
Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference in outcomes of patients nursed by family members compared with the patients looked after by professional nurses.
Publication ( Name of Journal)
Ahmed, S. I.,
(2016). Providing care beyond the hospital: Perspective of a tertiary care hospital from a developing country. World Neurosurgery, 88, 370-373.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_neurosurg/218