An unusual case of multiple aspergillomas in the right lower lobe of the lung: A case report

Document Type



Cardiothoracic Surgery


Introduction and importance: Aspergilloma is a pathological condition that affects the pulmonary tissues, and it is usually associated with Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis, Aspergillus fumigatus being the most common causative pathogen. The presence of multiple asperillomas in a single lung lobe is an unusual manifestation of Aspergilloma and therefore very little literature can be found regarding this.
Case presentation: Below we report a rare case of numerous pulmonary cavities containing aspergillomas, about 15-16, as an atypical presentation of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, all of which were present in a single lung lobe of the patient.
Clinical discussion: The most common clinical presentation of pulmonary aspergilloma is hemoptysis. It can manifest as a single aspergilloma or multifocal aspergillomas, which usually occur in unilateral lung cavities or bilateral lung cavities. The predominant site being the upper lung lobe, therefore, the appearance of several aspergillomas in a single lung lobe, with unusual manifestation in the lower lobe, is a very rare finding. Surgical resection is considered gold standard treatment in the form of lobectomy. According to various reports, the patient mortality rate after surgical intervention for aspergilloma is reported to be 0 %-22.6 %.
Conclusion: From the discussed case report, the conclusion can be made that even though, surgical resection holds a certain amount of risk, since there no effective alternate treatment yet, hence surgical resection of the affected segment still remains the Gold-standard treatment in both single and multiple aspergillomas


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Publication ( Name of Journal)

International journal of surgery case reports