Neurological disorders and disability in Pakistan: A cross-sectional multicenter study

Document Type



Neurology; Medicine


Background/objective: The aim of this study is to identify frequencies of various neurological disorders (NDs) and associated disability in patients attending neurologic clinics in rural and urban centers in Pakistan.
Methods: This is an observational study conducted in 39 neurological centers in both rural and urban areas, public and private health sectors all over Pakistan. This study was conducted between august 2017 to December 2019.
Results: A total of 28,845 adults were enrolled. Mean age of the study participants was 46.2 ± 17.2 years, 15,252 (52.9%) were men and 13,593 (47.1%) were women. Most common comorbid medical condition was hypertension 7622(26.4%) followed by Diabetes 3409(11.8%). Among neurological diagnoses, vascular diseases (20%) were the most common followed by Headache disorders (18.6%), Epilepsy (12.5%), nerve and root diseases (12.4%), Psychiatric diseases (10%), Dementias (8%) and movement disorders (7.9%). Half of the patients 15,503(53.7%) had no neurological disability, while minor disability was present in 10,442(36.2%) of cases. Moderate to severe disability was present in 2876(10%) cases. Headache disorders, psychiatric diseases, muscle pain/muscle related disorders and demyelinating diseases were more common in women. Vascular diseases, movement disorders and Dementias were more common in 46 years and above age group whereas headache disorders, Epilepsy and Psychiatric disorders were more prevalent in <46 years age groups.
Conclusion: Vascular diseases are the most common presentation of patients in neurology clinics followed by headache disorders and epilepsies. Minor disability was present in 36% while moderate to severe disability was present in 10% cases


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the Neurological Sciences