Document Type



Community Health Sciences; Medicine


Objective:To compare the GI symptoms in diabetic patients with controls and its relationship with the complications, duration of diabetes and glycaemic control. Methods:Consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled in to two groups. Group I (diabetic patients) and Group II (non-diabetic, Controls). Patient's characteristics, demographic profiles and GI symptoms were evaluated on a questionnaire. Groups were compared for differences in various GI symptoms. Group I was further analyzed for the relationship between GI symptoms with complications, duration of diabetes andglycaemic control.
Results:Atotal of 514 patients were enrolled 250 were diabetics (group I) and 264 were non-diabetics (groupII). Mean age was 51.8 +10.6 years and 50.2 +9.2 years in groups i and ii respectively. All GI symptoms;heartburn, dyspepsia, bowel related abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and faecal incontinence were significantly more in diabetics than controls (P<. 05).The presence of diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy and HbA1c of >7 were significantly (P<. 05) related to GIsymptoms. Duration of diabetes (>10 years) was not found significantly linked to GI symptoms.
Conclusions:GI symptoms in diabetics were more frequent then control subjects and were significantly associated with poor glycaemic control, neuropathy and retinopathy but not with duration of diabetes. Number of GI symptoms increases with the severity of poor glycaemic control in diabetic patients


Journal of Pakistan Medical Association