Early renal damage assessed by the SLICC/ACR damage index is predictor of severe outcome in lupus patients in Pakistan

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We investigated Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus with the objective of assessing whether early damage accrued in systemic lupus erythematosus as measured by the SLICC/ACR Damage Index predicts mortality in lupus Patients that have been followed prospectively in a single center. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus from Aga Khan University hospital presenting between 1992 and 2007 were included. This enabled all Patients to be potentially followed for at least 10 years. Yearly SLICC/ACR Damage Index scores were determined for each Patient. Early damage was defined as a score >= 1, and no damage as a score of 0 at the initial assessment. Kaplan-Meier and Log rank tests were used to compare the survival experience between those with and without damage, with all Patients being assessed at 10 years. In this inception cohort 198 Patients were identified and were followed for 10 years. Of these, 47 (23.7%) Patients had a SLICC/ACR Damage Index score of 0 (no damage) while 151 Patients (76.3%) had at least one SLICC/ACR Damage Index item scored (early damage). Mean renal damage score at 1, 5 and 10 years was 0.16, 0.34 and 0.67, respectively. Of lupus Patients who exhibited renal damage at their first SLICC/ACR Damage Index assessment, 31% died within 10 years of their illness as compared with only 13% who had no early renal damage (p < 0.003). Mean renal damage score at 1 year after diagnosis was a significant predictor of death within 10 years of diagnosis (p < 0.002).

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