The presence of chronic total occlusion in noninfarct-related arteries Is associated with higher mortality and worse patient outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention for STEMI: A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression

Document Type



Internal Medicine


Reperfusion therapy with percutaneous coronary intervention improves outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in noninfarct-related artery on the outcomes of these patients. Comprehensive searches were performed using PubMed, Google Scholar, and EMBASE. The primary endpoint was the 30-day mortality rate, with secondary endpoints including all-cause mortality, repeat myocardial infarction, and stroke. Forest plots were created for the pooled analysis of the results, with statistical significance set at P < 0.05. A total of 19 studies were included in this meta-analysis, with 23,989 patients (3589 in CTO group and 20,400 in no-CTO group). The presence of CTO was associated with significantly higher odds of 30-day mortality [18.38% vs 5.74%; relative risk (RR), 3.69; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 2.68-5.07; P < 0.00001], all-cause mortality (31.00% vs 13.40%; RR, 2.79; 95% CI, 2.31-3.37; P < 0.00001), cardiovascular-related deaths (12.61% vs 4.1%; RR, 2.61; 95% CI, 1.99-3.44; P < 0.00001), and major adverse cardiovascular events (13.64% vs 9.88%; RR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.52-2.86; P < 0.00001) than the non-CTO group. No significant differences in repeated myocardial infarction or stroke were observed between the CTO and non-CTO groups. Our findings underscore the need for further research on the benefits and risks of performing staged or simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention for CTO in the noninfarct-related artery in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Cardiology in Review