Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase offers protection against fructose-induced diabetes and related metabolic complications in rats

Document Type



Biological and Biomedical Sciences


Stabilization of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) levels via soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) deletion or its pharmacological inhibition have been shown to have beneficial effects on inflammation, ischemia, hypertension and diabetes. Owing to the diverse role of EETs, current study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of 1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidine-4-yl) urea (TPPU), a novel sEHI against fructose-induced diabetes and related complications in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats (200 - 230 g) were divided into four different groups, each containing 10 animals. One group served as a normal control and received standard diet and drinking water. The second group served as a diseased control and received standard diet, 25% fructose in drinking water and was treated with vehicle only. The third and fourth groups received standard diet, 25% fructose in drinking water and TPPU (2 mg/kg) or metformin (150 mg/kg), respectively. All treatments were given orally for 12 weeks. At the end of the study, blood samples were collected to measure serum insulin levels and other biochemical parameters. Animals were dissected to collect tissue specimens for histological and immunohistochemistry analysis. Animals fed on fructose and treated with vehicle demonstrated elevated blood insulin and glucose levels as well as high levels (P < 0.001) of triglycerides (TGs), cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) compared to naive rats. Similarly, the levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), urea and uric acid were significantly (P < 0.001) increased in vehicle treated fructose fed animals. TPPU (2 mg/kg p.o.) and simultaneously fed on fructose for 12 weeks substantially decreased HOMA-IR levels, lowered blood glucose, serum cholesterol, LDLs and TGs) while high-density lipoproteins (HDL) levels were increased compared to untreated animals. Metformin, a standard reference drug showed similar results. Microscopic studies of liver and pancreatic sections of TPPU treated animals showed marked improvement in cellular architecture compared to untreated animals. Current study demonstrated profound therapeutic potential of TPPU against fructose induced-diabetes and related metabolic complications which was evident by its attenuating effect fructose-induced hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and impaired renal and hepatic serum markers.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology