Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: In Nepal childbirth is one of the most vulnerable periods of a woman's life and knowledge about the normal birth process, as well as danger signs, could be a life-saving intervention. Antenatal care programmes are therefore particularly relevant in Nepal where women deliver on their own in rural areas as well as in facility and hospital settings.

Aim: This study aimed to describe the relevant content and structure of a culturally tailored antenatal care programme in Nepal to be developed from the input of healthcare providers.

Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews with 26 health care providers were analyzed using Elo and Kyngäs’ content analysis. This study received ethical approval from the research ethics committee at Dalarna University, Sweden, and the Nepal Health Research Council.

Findings: The results present possible (1) content and (2) structure of a culturally tailored antenatal care programme. Content is comprised of (a) how pregnancy affects the mother and how her lifestyle affects the unborn child; (b) normal childbirth, complications, and preparations; and (c) postpartum period – parenthood, childcare, and breastfeeding. Structure is related to (a) programme leader and location; (b) participants; and (c) pedagogy.

Conclusion: This antenatal care programme will be culturally tailored to empower women with self-confidence and their decision-making power may increase in the family system regarding their own and their children’s health and wellbeing.

Clinical Application: This study can help those designing culturally sensitive antenatal care programs in Nepal.