Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Globally, the sexual responses of genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder-affected women is poorly understood. This deficit is due, in part, to these women being prone to incorrect pathologic rankings in intercourse-related questionnaires, thereby lowering the dependability of results. Although patients with genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder display sexual intent, they typically avoid sexual circumstances in which penetration is involved. Gynaecological examinations are also frequently avoided, despite medical advice. The factors linked to genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder identified in this review are; age, educational status, financial status, different relationship patterns, negative cognition, decreased sexual desire, no use of artificial lubricants, insufficient sexual arousal, history of sexual abuse, contraceptive use, and other pelvic related medical conditions. Women's autonomy over their reproductive choices, as well as widespread access to sexual and reproductive health care, are crucial not just for attaining sustainable development, but also for ensuring women's empowerment. Hence, holistically analysing and managing these components of women's sexual health is vital.