Assessing the impact of social security fund on the private sector of Tanzania

Document Type



Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


The private sector was included under NSSF in 2018; therefore, the study assesses the efficiency and performance of the inclusion of this segment. The study investigates the perceptions of informal economy actors toward contribution to the social security schemes. It explores conditions that limit informal economy workers from joining social security schemes that provide protection, particularly given their vulnerability and income insecurities. The study employed a case study approach. Qualitative methods were used to collect data through interviews with informal actors involving motorcycle taxis, food vendors, and fishers in Dar es Salaam. Furthermore, the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) was interviewed. The study shows that the reform of the national social security fund for the private sector has provided a powerful platform for informal sector actors to enroll on the social security scheme. Enrolments, registrations, and benefits regulations have become easy for informal actors in joining the NSSF. The study recommends that the informal sector actors be incorporated through informal organisations and urged to join National Social Security Fund.

Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Development and Sustainability

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.