Model for analysing Anti-Phishing Authentication Ceremonies

Document Type

Conference Paper


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


Phishing takes advantage of the way humans interact with computers or interpret messages; and also that many online authentication protocols place a disproportional burden on human abilities. A security ceremony is an extension of the concept of network security protocol and includes user interface and human-protocol interaction. It is one way of extending the reach of current methods for social, technical and contextual analysis of security protocols to include humans. In this paper, we propose a Human Factors in Anti-Phishing Authentication Ceremonies (APAC) Framework for investigating phishing attacks in authentication ceremonies, which builds on The Human-in-the-Loop Security Framework of communication processing. We show how to apply the APAC framework to model human-protocol behaviour. The resulting Model for Analysing APAC correlates the framework components and examines how the authentication tasks required to be performed by humans influence their decision-making and consequently their phishing detection.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

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