Based in Nairobi, Kenya, the Aga Khan University’s newly established Department of Population Health entails a highly-skilled multi-disciplinary team with expertise in medical, public health, social, demography, statistical and policy sciences. Our vision is to contribute to the health of populations, particularly those most in need, by using a population health science approach. Population Health is an emerging field of health science that represents a shift in how health events are traditionally observed and measured. By studying the context that shapes conditions and the distribution of care, population health science breaks down barriers that have traditionally separated studies of environmental health, nutrition, public health, community health, medical care, health care delivery, and other factors that affect wellness and well-being across the life cycle. In line with the University, the Department is committed to the discovery and dissemination of new knowledge and its application, and the development of human capacities. Here, it seeks to prepare individuals to provide meaningful contributions to society through constructive and exemplary leadership roles, shaping public and private policies, and through excellence in population health research and education.

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Submissions from 2020

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A Mobile Phone–Based Sexual and Reproductive Health Intervention for Female Sex Workers in Kenya: Development and Qualitative Study, Frances H. Ampt, Kelly L'Engle, Megan S. C. Lim, Kate F. Plourde, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudogo Mukanya, Peter Gichangi, Griffins Manguro, Margaret Hellard, Walter Jaoko, Paul A. Agius, Marleen Temmerman, Winnie Wangari, and Stanley Luchters

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Direct assessment of mental health and metabolic syndrome amongst Indonesian adolescents: a study design for a mixed-methods study sampled from school and community settings, Peter S. Azzopardi, Lisa Willenberg, Nisaa Wulan, Yoga Devaera, Bernie Medise, Aida Riyanti, Ansariadi Ansariadi, Susan Sawyer, Tjhin Wiguna, and Stanley Luchters

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Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV/hepatitis B and HIV/hepatitis C co-infections among people who inject drugs in Mozambique, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Makini Boothe, Timothy Kellogg, Paulino Ricardo, Isabel Sathane, Erika Fazito, Henry F. Raymond, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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High burden of self-reported sexually transmitted infections among key populations in Mozambique: the urgent need for an integrated surveillance system, Makini A. S. Boothe, Charlotte Comé, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Noela Chicuecue, Jessica Seleme, Denise Chitsondzo Langa, Isabel Sathane, Henry F. Raymond, Erika Fazito, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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HIV pre‐exposure prophylaxis for female sex workers: ensuring women’s family planning needs are not left behind, Anna L. Bowring, Frances H Ampt, Sheree Schwartz, Mark A. Stoove, Stanley Luchters, Stefan Baral, and Margaret Hellard

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COVID-19 in Africa: care and protection for frontline healthcare workers, Matthew F. Chersich, Glenda Gray, Lee Fairlie, Quentin Eichbaum, Susannah Mayhew, Brian Allwood, Rene English, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, and Greg Simpson

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Male involvement interventions and improved couples’ emotional relationships in Tanzania and Zimbabwe: ‘When we are walking together, I feel happy’, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Webster Mavhu, Christina Makungu, Quamrun Nahar, Rasheda Khan, Jessica Davis, Erica Stillo, Saadya Hamdani, Stanley Luchters, and Cathy Vaughan

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Challenges for cancer care during COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya: Policy implications, Diana Kassaman, Rachel Kimani, and Adelaide Lusambili

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Investigating SOFA, delta-SOFA and MPM-III for mortality prediction among critically ill patients at a private tertiary hospital ICU in Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Lillian N. Lukoko, Peter S. Kussin, Rodney Adam, James Orwa, and Wangari Siika

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Positionality, Access to the Social Space and Place of Research: Narratives from Research in Low Resource Settings, Adelaide Lusambili, Sadiq Bhanbhro, and Kizito Muchanga

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The First 18 Months of a Pediatric Rheumatology Service at a Tertiary Referral Hospital in Kenya, Angela Migowa and James Orwa

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Cohort Profile: The Kaloleni/Rabai Community Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Anthony Ngugi, Rachel Odhiambo, Felix Agoi, Amyn Lakhani, James Orwa, Jerim Obure, David Mang’ong’o, Stanley Luchters, Catherine Munywoki, Anisa Omar, and Marleen Temmerman

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Improving the coverage and accuracy of syphilis testing: The development of a novel rapid, point-of-care test for confirmatory testing of active syphilis infection and its early evaluation in China and South Africa, Minh D. Pham, Amy Wise, Mary L. Garcia, Huy Van, Shuning Zheng, Yasmin Mohamed, Yan Han, Wan-Hui Wei, Yue-Ping Yin, and Stanley Luchters

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Family planning and Afghan refugee women and men living in Melbourne, Australia: new opportunities and transcultural tensions, Alana Russo, Belinda Lewis, Razia Ali, Atiq Abed, Grant Russel, and Stanley Luchters

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Reorienting Nurturing Care for Early Childhood Development during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Kenya: A Review, Constance Shumba, Rose Maina, Gladys Mbuthia, Rachel Kimani, Stella Mbugua, Sweta Shah, Amina Abubakar, Stanley Luchters, Sheila Shaibu, and Eunice Ndirangu

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Performance characteristics of an instrument-free point-of-care CD4 test (VISITECTVR CD4) for use in resource-limited settings, Vairamohan Vidhyavathi, Hussain Syed Iqbal, Kannaiyan Kanthamani, Sunil Suhas Solomon, Paneerselvam Nandagopal, Stanley Luchters, Minh D. Pham, James Forbes, Suzanne M. Crowe, Christopher McMurran, David A. Anderson, and Pachamuthu Balakrishnan

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Understanding mental health and its determinants from the perspective of adolescents: A qualitative study across diverse social settings in Indonesia, Lisa Willenberg, Nisaa Wulan, Bernie Endyarni Medise, Yoga Devaera, Aida Riyanti, Ansariadi Ansariadi, Tjhin Wiguna, Fransiska Kaligis, Jane Fisher, and Stanley Luchters

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Caregiver experience and perceived acceptability of a novel near point-of-care early infant HIV diagnostic test among caregivers enrolled in the PMTCT program, Myanmar: A qualitative study, Win Lei Yee, Kyu Kyu Than, Yasmin Mohamed, Hla Htay, Htay Htay Tin, Win Thein, Latt Latt Kyaw, Win Win Yee, Moe Myat Aye, and Stanley Luchters

Submissions from 2019

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“I now know I’m the boss”: Development of mobile phone-based sexual and reproductive health intervention for female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Kelly L’Engle, Megan S.C. Lim, Kate F. Plourde, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudogo Mukanya, Peter Gichangi, Griffins Manguro, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové, Matthew F. Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Paul A. Agius, Marleen Temmerman, Winnie Wangari, and Stanley Luchters

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Use of long‐acting reversible contraception in a cluster‐random sample of female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Megan . S.C Lim, Paul A. Agius, Matthew F. Chersich, Griffins Manguro, Caroline M. Gichuki, Mark Stoové, Marleen Temmerman, Walter Jaoko, Margaret Hellard, Peter Gichangi, and Stanley Luchters

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Protocol for a process evaluation of a cluster randomized controlled trial of the Learning Club intervention for women's health, and infant's health and development in rural Vietnam, Jane Fisher, Trang Nguyen, Thach Duc Tran, Ha Tran, Tuan Tran, Stanley Luchters, David Hipgrave, Sarah Hanieh, and Beverley-Ann Biggs

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Field Performance and Diagnostic Accuracy of a Low-Cost Instrument-Free Point-of-Care CD4 Test (Visitect CD4) Performed by Different Health Worker Cadres among Pregnant Women, Stanley Luchters, Karl Technau, Yasmin Mohamed, Matthew F. Chersich, Paul A. Agius, Minh D. Pham, Mary L. Garcia, James Forbes, Andrew Shepherd, Ashraf Coovadia, Suzanne M. Crowe, and David A. Anderson

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Protocol for an economic evaluation alongside a cluster randomised controlled trial: cost-effectiveness of Learning Clubs, a multicomponent intervention to improve women’s health and infant’s health and development in Vietnam, Trang Nguyen, Kim Sweeny, Thach Tran, Stanley Luchters, David B. Hipgrave, Sarah Hanieh, Tuan Tran, Ha Tran, and Beverley-Ann Biggs

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Maternal healthcare services use in Mwanza Region, Tanzania: a cross-sectional baseline survey, James Orwa; Michaela Mantel; Micheal Mugerwa,; Sharon Brownie; Eunice Pallangyo; Loveluck Mwasha; Kahabi Isangula; Leonard Subi; Secilia Mrema; Grace Edwards; David Siso; Edna Selestine; Tumbwene Mwansisya; Columba Mbekenga; and Marleen Temmerman

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Unintended pregnancy and family planning use among antenatal attendees in East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, Elizabeth Peach, Chris Morgan, Michelle Scoullar, Freya Fowkes, Elissa Kennedy, Stanley Luchters, Andrew Vallely, Lisa Vallely, Angela Kelly, Leanne Robinson, Brendan Crabb, Peter Siba, William Pomat, Beeson J. G., and HMHB study team

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Relationship between self-efficacy and HIV testing uptake among young men who have sex with men in Myanmar: a cross-sectional analysis, Minh D. Pham, Poe Poe Aung, Paul A. Agius, Naanki Pasricha, Swai Mon Oo, Waimar Tun, Ashish Bajracharya, and Stanley Luchters

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Performance of a Novel Low-Cost, Instrument-Free Plasma Separation Device for HIV Viral Load Quantification and Determination of Treatment Failure in People Living with HIV in Malaysia: a Diagnostic Accuracy Study, Minh D. Pham, Berhan A. Haile, Iskandar Azwa, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Nishaan Raman, Alireza Saeidi, Maria Kahar Bador, Margaret Tan, Jiawei Zhu, Yi Feng, Julian H. Elliott, Mary L. Garcia, Fan Li, Suzanne M. Crowe, Stanley Luchters, and David A. Anderson

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Qualitative assessment of South African healthcare worker perspectives on an instrument-free rapid CD4 test, Fiona Scorgie, Yasmin Mohamed, David Anderson, Suzanne M. Crowe, Stanley Luchters, and Matthew F. Chersich

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Prevalence and determinants of unprotected sex in intimate partnerships of men who inject drugs: findings from a prospective intervention study, Vartika Sharma, Waimar Tun, Avina Sarna, Lopamudra R. Saraswati, Minh D. Pham, Ibou Thior, and Stanley Luchters

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The salt between the beans: a qualitative study of the role of auxiliary midwives in a hard-to-reach area of Myanmar, Kyu Kyu Than, Stanley Luchters, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, James Beeson, and Alison Morgan

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Screening for depressive and anxiety disorders among adolescents in Indonesia: Formal validation of the centre for epidemiologic studies depression scale – revised and the Kessler psychological distress scale, Thach Duc Tran, Fransiska Kaligis, Tjhin Wiguna, Lisa Willenberg, Hau Thi Minh Nguyen, Stanley Luchters, Peter Azzopardi, and Jane Fisher

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Point-of-care testing and treatment of sexually transmitted infections to improve birth outcomes in high-burden, low-income settings: Study protocol for a cluster randomized crossover trial (the WANTAIM Trial, Papua New Guinea), Andrew J. Vallely, William S. Pomat, Caroline Homer, Rebecca Guy, Stanley Luchters, Glen D L Mola, Grace Kariwiga, Lisa M. Vallely, Virginia Wiseman, Chris Morgan, Handan Wand, Stephen J. Rogerson, Sepehr N. Tabrizi, David M. Whiley, Nicola Low, Rosanna Peeling, Peter Siba, Michaela Riddell, Moses Laman, John Bolnga, Leanne J. Robinson, Jacob Morewaya, Steven G. Badman, Neha Batura, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Pamela J. Toliman, Wilfred Peter, Delly Babona, Elizabeth Peach, Suzanne M. Garland, and John M. Kaldor

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Type-Specific Human Papillomavirus Prevalence, Incident Cases, Persistence, and Associated Pregnancy Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Women in Kenya, Joseph Vyankandondera, Sammy Wambua, Eunice Irungu, Kishor Mandaliya, Marleen Temmerman, Claire Ryan, Yasmin Mohamed, Davy Vanden Broeck, Rita Verhelst, Matthew Chersich, and Stanley Luchters

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Ethical considerations for conducting sexual and reproductive health research with female adolescents engaged in high-risk behaviours in China, Xu-Dong Zhang, Sabrina Ching Yuen Luk, Yue-Hong Han, Gui-Rong Chen, Gui-Lei Zhang, Bao-Sheng Zhu, and Stanley Luchters

Submissions from 2018

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Incidence of unintended pregnancy among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Frances H. Ampt, Lisa Willenberg, Paul A. Agius, Matthew Chersich, Stanley Luchters, and Megan S. C. Lim

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Higher Transplacental Pathogen-Specific Antibody Transfer Among Pregnant Women Randomized to Triple Antiretroviral Treatment Versus Short Course Zidovudine, Rose Bosire, Carey Farquhar, Ruth Nduati, Kristina Broliden, Stanley Luchters, Philippe Van de Perre, Isabelle De Vincenzi, Michele Merkel, Veronicah Wachuka, and Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Listeria monocytogenes Endophthalmitis: A Systematic Review, Matthew F. Chersich, Johanna Takkinen, Caroline Charlier, Alexandre Leclercq, Paul E. Adams, Gauri Godbole, Ursula Altmeyer, Ingrid H. M . Friesema, Lisa Labbé Sandelin, and Stanley Luchters

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Menstrual hygiene management and school absenteeism among adolescent students in Indonesia: evidence from a cross-sectional school-based survey, Jessica Davis, Alison Macintyre, Mitsunori Odagiri, Wayan Suriastini, Andreina Cordova, Chelsea Huggett, Paul A. Agius, Anissa Elok Budiyani, Claire Quillet, and Stanley Luchters

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Expectant fathers’ participation in antenatal care services in Papua New Guinea: a qualitative inquiry, Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson, and Stanley Luchters

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Addressing multiple modifiable risks through structured community-based Learning Clubs to improve maternal and infant health and infant development in rural Vietnam: protocol for a parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial, Jane Fisher, Tuan Tran, Stanley Luchters, Thach D. Tran, David B. Hipgrave, Sarah Hanieh, Ha Tran, Julie Simpson, Trang Nguyen, Minh Le, and Beverley-Ann Biggs

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Impact of vision impairment and self-reported barriers to vision care: The views of elders in Nuwara Eliya district, Sri Lanka, W. Holmes, R. Shajehan, S. Kitnasamy, C. Abeywickrama, Y. Arsath, F. Gnanaraj, S. Inbaraj, G. Jayakody, K. Durran, and Stanley Luchters

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What do we know about maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity audits in sub-Saharan Africa? A scoping literature review, Adelaide Lusambili, Joyline Jepkosgei, Jacinta Nzinga, and Mike English

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Factors associated with social participation amongst elders in rural Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional mixed methods analysis, Celeste Marsh, Paul A. Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters, and Wendy Holmes

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A tale of two countries: progress towards UNAIDS 90‐90‐90 targets in Botswana and Australia, Tafireyi Marukutira, Mark Stoove, Shahin Lockman, Lisa A. Mills, Tendani Gaolathe, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Joseph N. Jarvis, Sherrie L. Kelly, David P. Wilson, and Stanley Luchters

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Critical examination of evidence for the nutritional status of children in Papua New Guinea - a systematic review, Peter J. McGlynn, Andre μΝ Renzaho, Minh D. Pham, Mike Toole, Jane Fisher, and Stanley Luchters

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Human papilloma virus correlates of high grade cervical dysplasia in HIV-infected women in Mombasa, Kenya: a cross-sectional analysis, Sonia Menon, Stanley Luchters, Rodolfo Rossi, Steven Callens, Mandaliya Kishor, Johannes Bogers, and Davy vanden Broeck

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Knowledge, perception and practice towards oxytocin stability and quality: A qualitative study of stakeholders in three resource-limited countries, Victoria L. Oliver, Peter A. Lambert, Kyu Kyu Than, Yasmin Mohamed, Stanley Luchters, Snigdha Verma, Ranjana Yadav, Vishwajeet Kumar, Alula M. Teklu, Moti Tolera, Abebaw Minaye, and Michelle P. McIntosh

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Assessing the operational feasibility and acceptability of an inhalable formulation of oxytocin for improving community-based prevention of postpartum haemorrhage in Myanmar: a qualitative inquiry, Kyu Kyu Than, Victoria Oliver, Yasmin Mohamed, Thazin La, Pete Lambert, Michelle McIntosh, and Stanley Luchters

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The potential of task shifting selected maternal interventions to auxiliary midwives in Myanmar: a mixed-method study, Kyu Kyu Than, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, Kyaw Soe Thant, Theingi Myint, James G. Beeson, Stanley Luchters, and Alison Morgan

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Involving men to improve maternal and newborn health: A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions, Mariam Tokhi, Liz Comrie-Thomson, and Jessica Davis

Submissions from 2017

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WHISPER or SHOUT study: protocol of a cluster-randomised controlled trial assessing mHealth sexual reproductive health and nutrition interventions among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Collins Mudogo, Peter Gichangi, Megan S. C. Lim, Griffins Manguro, Matthew Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Marleen Temmerman, Marilyn Laini, and Stanley Luchters

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Effectiveness of an Integrated Community- and Clinic-Based Intervention on HIV Testing, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk Behavior of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in Myanmar, Poe Poe Aung, Claire Ryan, Ashish Bajracharya, Naanki Pasricha, Zaw Win Thein, Paul A. Agius, Than Tun Sein, Lisa Willenberg, Ei Mon Soe, and Stanley Luchters

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Persuasive, engaging, and accessible: Using behavioral science, communication, and technology development principles to design a mobile phone intervention for female sex workers in Kenya, Kelly L'Engle, Frances Ampt, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudugo, Kate Plourde, Megan Lim, Peter Gichangi, Stanley Luchters, and Griffins Manguro

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Factors associated with HIV testing among young men who have sex with men in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study, Minh D. Pham, Poe Poe Aung, Aye Kyawt Paing, Naanki Pasricha, Paul A. Agius, Waimar Tun, Ashish Bajracharya, and Stanley Luchters

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Feasibility of antiretroviral treatment monitoring in the era of decentralized HIV care: a systematic review, Minh D. Pham, Lorena Romero, Bruce Parnell, David A. Anderson, Suzanne M. Crowe, and Stanley Luchters

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At the Heart of the Problem: Health in Johannesburg's Inner-City, Helen Rees, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, and Matthew F. Chersich

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Women and substance use: a qualitative study on sexual and reproductive health of women who use drugs in Delhi, India, Vartika Sharma, Avina Sarna, Waimar Tun, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Ibou Thior, Ira Madan, and Stanley Luchters

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Prevention of postpartum haemorrhage by community-based auxiliary midwives in hard-to-reach areas of Myanmar: a qualitative inquiry into acceptability and feasibility of task shifting, Kyu Kyu Than, Yasmin Mohamed, Victoria Oliver, Theingi Myint, Thazin La, James G. Beeson, and Stanley Luchters

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Determinants of knowledge of critical danger signs, safe childbirth and immediate newborn care practices among auxiliary midwives: a cross sectional survey in Myanmar, Kyu Kyu Than, Alison Morgan, Minh Duc Pham, James G. Beeson, and Stanley Luchters

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Early childhood development: impact of national human development, family poverty, parenting practices and access to early childhood education, T. D. Tran, Stanley Luchters, and J. Fisher

Submissions from 2014

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Effects of hazardous and harmful alcohol use on HIV incidence and sexual behaviour: a cohort study of Kenyan female sex workers, Matthew F. Chersich, Wilkister Bosire, Nzioki King’ola, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters