Document Type



Medical College (East Africa)



This comparative study sets out to report dental caries status among individuals with Sickle Cell Disease (HbSS) against those with sickle cell trait (HbSA) and those without the disease (HbAA) as controls. The study further assessed the impact of penicillin chemoprophylaxis and hydroxyurea use on dental caries among Sickle Cell Disease participants.


This was a comparative cross-sectional study in which 93 children aged 30 to 60 months were recruited. There were 60 participating children who had SCD (HbSS), 17 with SCD trait (HbAS) and 16 were without SCD or SC trait (HbAA). A questionnaire was used to record sociodemographic details including mean age in months and sex and on haemoglobin genotype for all the participants. Specifically, for the participants with HbSS, information on their whether they are taking hydroxyurea (HU), and penicillin chemoprophylaxis was recorded. To assess the prevalence of dental caries, clinical examination of all primary maxillary and mandibular teeth to determine the presence or absence of dental caries lesions was also recorded.


A total of 1197 teeth from 93 children were examined, whereby, 45 (2.4%) of them had dental caries. The participating children with HbAA genotype (6.6%, N=21) had more dental caries than their HbSS counterparts (2.0%, N=24), while none of the participants with HbAS exhibited dental caries. Among the participants with HbSS, males and those who use HU were 3.79 and 3.07 times more likely to have dental caries than their counterparts, female and non-users of HU, respectively.


Dental caries was observed to be low among participants with HbSS when compared to those with HbAA. More research utilizing more robust methodologies is recommended.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.