The Reality of Inadequate Patient Care and the Need for a Global Action Framework in Organ Donation and Transplantation

Document Type



Internal Medicine (East Africa)


Background: Transplant therapy is considered the best and often the only available treatment for thousands of patients with organ failure that results from communicable and non -communicable diseases. The number of annual organ transplants is insufficient for the worldwide need.

Methods: We elaborate the proceedings of the workshop entitled “The Role of Science in the Development of International Standards of Organ Donation and Transplantation,” organized by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and cosponsored by the World Health Organization in June 2021.

Results: We detail the urgency and importance of achieving national self-sufficiency in organ transplantation as a public health priority and an important contributor to reaching relevant targets of the United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development. It details the elements of a global action framework intended for countries at every level of economic development to facilitate either the establishment or enhancement of transplant activity. It sets forth a proposed plan, by addressing the technical considerations for developing and optimizing organ transplantation from both deceased and living organ donors and the regulatory oversight of practices.

Conclusions: This document can be used in governmental and policy circles as a call to action and as a checklist for actions needed to enable organ transplantation as treatment for organ failure.

Publication (Name of Journal)

The Transplantation Society