Medical College (East Africa)
Objective: The prevalence of diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa is rising, but its relationship to depression is not well-characterized. This report describes depressive symptom prevalence and associations with adherence and outcomes among patients with diabetes in a rural, resource-constrained setting.
Methods: In the Webuye, Kenya diabetes clinic, we conducted a chart review, analyzing data including medication adherence, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), clinic attendance, and PHQ-2 depression screening results.
Results: Among 253 patients, 20.9% screened positive for depression. Prevalence in females was higher than in males; 27% vs 15% (p = 0.023). Glycemic control trends were better in those screening negative; at 24 months post-enrollment mean HbA1c was 7.5 for those screening negative and 9.5 for those screening positive (p = 0.0025). There was a nonsignificant (p = 0.269) trend toward loss to follow-up among those screening positive.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that depression is common among people with diabetes in rural western Kenya, which may profoundly impact diabetes control and treatment adherence.
Publication ( Name of Journal)
Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
Manyara, S. M.,
(2015). Symptoms of depression among patients attending a diabetes care clinic in rural western Kenya. Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology, 2(2), 51-54.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/eastafrica_fhs_mc_intern_med/186