Document Type

Article

Department

Family Medicine (East Africa); Obstetrics and Gynaecology (East Africa)

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Gestational trophoblastic disease is an uncommon group of pregnancy-related dis- orders, with a course of trophoblastic proliferation, including hydatidiform mole (Agha et al., 2020), invasive and metastatic mole, choriocarcinoma, placental-site trophoblastic tumor, and epithelial trophoblastic tumor. Choriocarcinoma and trophoblastic tumor of the placenta are the most important tumors associated with pregnancy.

Case findings: A 52-year-old woman Para 2 Living 3, 3 years post-menopausal presented with prolong per vaginal bleeding for five weeks accompanied by lower abdominal pain. Diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease (choriocarcinoma type) was made by using beta HCG, radiology, and histology report. Patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo-opherectomy, followed by 2 cycles of chemotherapy.

Discussion: Trophoblast disease of pregnancy disease includes a unique tissue group with a wide range of endocrine and angiogenic functions derived from placental trophoblasts. They are associated with uncommon, interrelated conditions, which differ according to the following parameters: invasion, regression, metastasis, and recurrence rate. Beta HCG remains initial investigation to be taken in patients suspecting trophoblastic disease.

Conclusion and recommendations: Gestational trophoblastic disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of peri and postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. Long term follows up with beta HCG needs to be done to detect recurrence.

Publication

International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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