Acinetobacter infections: a retrospective study to determine inhospital mortality rate and clinical factors associated with mortality

R. V. Patel, The Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya
J. S. Shah, The Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya
R Gunturu
W. Siika, The Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya
Reena Shah, Aga Khan University


A retrospective case series of acinetobacter infections at a tertiary hospital in Nairobi was conducted to determine the mortality rate and factors associated with mortality. Over an eight-year period, 80 clinically significant infections were identified. The majority of infections were ventilator-associated pneumonia (40%) and bloodstream infections (30%). Eighty-six percent of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. The mortality rate in the study cohort was 45%. Twelve patients grew Acinetobacter spp. within 48 h of hospitalization, and three of these patients had no prior healthcare contact. The mean Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score was associated with mortality from acinetobacter infections.