Document Type

Article

Department

Emergency Medicine (East Africa)

Abstract

Background: Road trafc injuries are a large and growing cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middleincome countries, especially in Africa. Systematic data collection for trafc incidents in Kenya is lacking and in many low- and middle-income countries available data sources are disparate or missing altogether. Many Kenyans use social media platforms, including Twitter; many road trafc incidents are publicly reported on the microblog platform. This study is a prospective cohort analysis of all tweets related to road trafc incidents in Kenya over a 24-month period (February 2019 to January 2021).

Results: A substantial number of unique road incidents (3882) from across Kenya were recorded during the 24-month study period. The details available for each incident are widely variable, as reported and posted on Twitter. Particular times of day and days of the week had a higher incidence of reported road trafc incidents. A total of 2043 injuries and 1503 fatalities were recorded.

Conclusions: Twitter and other digital social media platforms can provide a novel source for road trafc incident and injury data in a low- and middle-income country. The data collected allows for the potential identifcation of local and national trends and provides opportunities to advocate for improved roadways and health systems for the emergent care from road trafc incidents and associated traumatic injuries

Publication

International Journal of Emergency Medicine

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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