Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis

Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis


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Fazlallah Astarabadi was a 14th-century Islamic religious leader who believed that the world was about to come to an end. This book is the first comprehensive study of Astarabadi’s life and thought and also offer a history of his movement. It emphasizes the diversity of medieval Islam by describing an apocalyptic movement founded on the idea that the cosmos contains embedded secrets that become manifest through extraordinary human beings.

Table of Contents

Preface-- 1 EARLY LIFE--Birth and Childhood--Religious Wandering--Dreams in Khwarazm--Sabzavar--The Rise to Social Prominence --2 ENLIGHTENMENT--Marriage--Dream Interpretation in Tabriz--Enlightenment--Accepting the Mission--Political Ambitions-- 3 DEATH--Timur-i Lang--Arrest--Last Will and Testament--Execution --4 COSMOS AND HUMANITY--The Macrocosm--The Microcosm--Cosmic Time --5 APOCALYPSE, LANGUAGE, AND SALVATION--Religious Linguistics--The Science of Letters--From Arabic to Persian--Operations on Letters--Letters and Physical Reality--Abbreviations and New Characters--The Wages of Apocalypticism-- 6 SHRINE AND SUCCESSORS--The Shrine--A Split Community--The Second ComingMajor Disciples--Attack on Mirza Shahrukh (1427)--Uprisings in Isfahan and Tabriz--Attempt to Convert the Ottoman Mehmet the Conqueror--Summary --7 LEGACY--Iran--India--The Ottoman Empire--Modern Interpretations--Orhan Pamuk’s The Black Book --APPENDIX: Hurufi Literature-- Further Reading--Index

Publication Information

Oneworld Academic


Makers of the Muslim World




Religion, Islam, Marriage, Cosmos, Humanity, Shrine


This work was published before Shahzad joined Aga Khan University.

Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis