Document Type

Book Chapter




Yahia Baiza

Publication (Name of Journal)

Education in Troubled Times: A Global Pluralist Response


Institute for Human Development


Cambridge Scholars Publishing


Newcastle upon Tyne


The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), an offshoot of Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), was established in the 1970s to struggle for autonomy and self-determination of the Bangsamoro. The Bangsamoro home of the Moro Muslim community in the Southern Philippines achieved its strategic goal of a measure of autonomy through a national plebiscite in December 2019. A transition period of three years is underway, with funding from international and bilateral agencies, to strengthen the Bangsamoro Transitional Authority’s governing framework and for its service provision particularly education for all. Local educational authorities, personnel, and schools over the past five decades have espoused the mujahidin ideology. Communities spread in barangays (villages) along with their children participated in training and combat — jihad; the new political dispensation seeks a harmonised policy inclusive of the whole population, Muslim and non-Muslim. This chapter addresses the question of what the prospects are for education where public, private, and selfgoverning autonomous religious schools — madrassahs — play a mediating and determining role with cognate organs of society to shape values and a vision of the future. It explores and analyses the question in the current socio-political situation and the contested ideological underpinnings shaping educational policies during this difficult transition phase.

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