Publication (Name of Journal)
Contesting development: Critical struggles for social change
Institute for Educational Development, Karachi
Examines how, in the mountainous village of Shimshal, national parks and “community-based” conservation projects such as trophy hunting are deeply problematic, promoting exploitive ideologies of nature and development while delegitimizing the values and rights of pastoralists. The Shimshalis have creatively resisted the appropriations of their land by creating a Shimshal Nature Trust, implementing a model of ecological sovereignty instead of “community participation”—challenging the very logic of protected areas in international conservation.
Copyright 2010 from Contesting Development: Critical struggles for social change edited by Philip McMichael. Reproduced by permission of Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, a division of informa plc.
Ali, N. (2010). Re-imagining the nature of development: Biodiversity conservation and pastoral visions in the Northern Areas, Pakistan. In P. McMichael (Ed.), Contesting development: Critical struggles for social change (pp. 64–80). New York: Routledge.