Document Type

Article

Department

Medicine

Abstract

Background: There is very little literature regarding peripartum cardiomyopathy from the Asian countries. We conducted this study to determine demographic details, clinical presentations, complications and recovery of left ventricular (LV) systolic function in peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCMP) patients of Pakistani origin.

Method: A ten year retrospective case series of PPCMP was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital. Patients were also followed up for six months after presentation, with special regard to improvement in the LV function.

Results: Total 45 patients were included, 25 (55.5%) primigravida and 8 (17.7%) gravida 2 and the remaining 12 (26.6%) were multigravida. Fourteen patients (31.1%) presented during pregnancy and 31 (68.8%) after delivery. All patients presented with CHF and three (6.6%) were complicated with ventricular tachycardia (VT) at presentation. LV systolic dysfunction was present in 39 (86.66%) patients and RV dysfunction in 15 (33.3%) patients. Two patients had LV clot and thromboembolic stroke occurred in another 4 patients. All patients received standard treatment except three patients who had asthma and could not be given beta blockers. Echocardiogram was repeated after 6 month and in 32 (71.1%) patients LV functions recovered to normal. RV function improved in all except 2 (4.4%) patients. All patients were discharged in stable condition. Conclusion: Significant numbers of PPCMP patients, who had severe LV dysfunction at presentation recovered their LV functions at six month follow up

Publication

BMC research notes

Included in

Cardiology Commons

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