Racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease - analysis across major US national databases

Document Type



Cardiology; Office of the Provost


Background: There are several studies that have analyzed disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) health using a variety of different administrative databases; however, a unified analysis of major databases does not exist. In this analysis of multiple publicly available datasets, we sought to examine racial and ethnic disparities in different aspects of CVD, CVD-related risk factors, CVD-related morbidity and mortality, and CVD trainee representation in the US.
Methods: We used National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, National Inpatient Sample, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging OnLine Data for Epidemiologic Research, United Network for Organ Sharing, and American Commission for Graduate Medical Education data to evaluate CVD-related disparities among Non-Hispanic (NH) White, NH Black and Hispanic populations.
Results: The prevalence of most CVDs and associated risk factors was higher in NH Black adults compared to NH White adults, except for dyslipidemia and ischemic heart disease (IHD). Statins were underutilized in IHD in NH Black and Hispanic patients. Hospitalizations for HF and stroke were higher among Black patients compared to White patients. All-cause, CVD, heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, IHD, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cerebrovascular disease related mortality was highest in NH Black or African American individuals. The number of NH Black and Hispanic trainees in adult general CVD fellowship programs was disproportionately lower than NH White trainees.
Conclusion: Racial disparities are pervasive across the spectrum of CVDs with NH Black adults at a significant disadvantage compared to NH White adults for most CVDs.


Volume, issue and pagination are not provided by the author/publisher.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the National Medical Association