Soluble angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, cardiac biomarkers, structure, and function, and cardiovascular events (from the atherosclerosis risk in communities study)

Document Type



Office of the Provost; Cardiology


Membrane-bound angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 is important in regulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, but the association of cleaved soluble ACE2 (sACE2) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. We evaluated the association of sACE2 with cardiac biomarkers, structure, and function and cardiovascular events in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. sACE2 was measured in a subset of 497 participants (mean age 78±5.4 years, 53% men, 27% black); Cox regression analyses assessed prospective associations of sACE2 with time to first CVD event at median 6.1-year follow-up. sACE2 was higher in men, blacks, and participants with prevalent CVD, diabetes, or hypertension. Higher sACE2 levels were associated with significantly higher biomarkers of cardiac injury (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and T, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), greater left ventricular mass index, and impaired diastolic function in linear regression analyses, and with increased risk for heart failure hospitalization (adjusted hazard ratio per natural log unit increase [HR] 1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10 to 1.58), CVD events (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.60), and all-cause death (HR 1.26, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.57). In an elderly biracial cohort, sACE2 was positively associated with biomarkers reflecting myocardial injury and neurohormonal activation, left ventricular mass index, impaired diastolic function, CVD, events and all-cause death.


Issue No are not provided by the author/publisher. This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

The American Journal of Cardiology