Social determinants of health and obesity: Findings from a national study of US adults
Cardiology; Office of the Provost
Objective: This study examined the association between social determinants of health (SDOH) burden and overweight/obesity in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States.
Methods: Data for 161,795 adults aged ≥18 years from the 2013 to 2017 National Health Interview Survey were used. A total of 38 SDOH were aggregated to create a cumulative SDOH score, which was divided into quartiles (Q1-Q4) to denote levels of SDOH burden. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was examined across SDOH quartiles in the total population and by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between SDOH quartiles and overweight/obesity, adjusting for relevant covariates.
Results: There was a graded increase in obesity prevalence with increasing SDOH burden. At nearly each quartile, overweight and obesity rates were higher for middle-aged and non-Hispanic Black adults compared with their counterparts; additional differences were observed by sex. In fully adjusted models, SDOH-Q4 was associated with 15%, 50%, and 70% higher relative prevalence of overweight, obesity class 1 and 2, and obesity class 3, respectively, relative to SDOH-Q1.
Conclusions: Cumulative social disadvantage, denoted by higher SDOH burden, was associated with increased odds of obesity, independent of clinical and demographic factors.
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
Maqsood, M. H.,
Taha, M. B.,
Patel, K. V.,
Blaha, M. J.,
Virani, S. S.
(2022). Social determinants of health and obesity: Findings from a national study of US adults. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 30(2), 491-502.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/provost_office/302
This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.