Rare LPL gene variants attenuate triglyceride reduction and HDL cholesterol increase in response to fenofibric acid therapy in individuals with mixed dyslipidemia

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Objective: Individuals with mixed dyslipidemia have elevated triglycerides (TG), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and increased risk for coronary disease. Fibrate therapy is commonly used to lower TG and increase HDL-C. Common genetic variants are known to affect the response to fibrate therapy. We sought to identify rare genetic variants (frequency ≤ 1%) in genes involved in TG and HDL-C metabolism that affect the response to fenofibric acid (FA) therapy.|
Methods: Four genes with a major role in HDL-C and TG metabolism APOA1, APOC2, APOC-III and LPL were sequenced in 2385 participants with mixed dyslipidemia in a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled study comparing therapy with FA alone, in combination with statins, or statin alone. Rare variants collapsing or SKAT methods were used for the analysis.
Results: Synonymous rare variants in the LPL gene were significantly associated with absolute HDL-C change (P = 9 × 10(-4)) and TG percent change (P = 6.76 × 10(-4)) in those treated with FA only. Participants with these rare variants had a 2 mg/dL increase in HDL-C and 39 mg/dL decrease in TG as compared to 6.2 mg/dL increase in HDL-C and 100 mg/dL decrease in TG in those without these variants. Rare variants in the APOC-III gene were associated with a modest 3 mg/dL less reduction in APOB (P = 8.72 × 10(-4)) in those receiving FA and statin.
Conclusion: In individuals with mixed dyslipidemia rare synonymous variants within LPL gene were associated with attenuated response to FA therapy while APOCIII rare variants were associated with a modest effect on APOB response to FA-statin therapy. These results should be replicated in a similar clinical trial for further confirmation.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.