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Dementia refers to a range of disorders characterized by declining memory, multiple cognitive deficits and eventual mortality due to progressive and irreversible brain damage1. Disease entities comprising dementia characteristically affect mainly the geriatric population. Together, they constitute a major component of global disease burden in general and geriatric disease burden in particular2. In 2005, it was estimated that 24.3 million people in the world were living with dementia; 4.6 million cases have been added each year ever since3. Overall, dementia contributes 11.3% of years of life lived with disability, making it a major contributor to worldwide morbidity4.

As the world’s sixth most populous country, Pakistan faces a stiff challenge of managing an aging population in the years ahead.

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