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Original Article


Patient’s lack of understanding of disease hinders in proper control of disease thus increasing the morbidity and mortality. Review of the studies done in this region, dose not provide a detail account of patients understanding about the disease. Majority of patients when interviewed in clinics do not know the right answer to cause, level of desired sugar, possible complication. Material and methods: Hospital-based cross-sectional KAP study was conducted on diabetic patients visiting the diabetic clinic in two tertiary care Hospitals and a diabetic poly clinic in different areas of Karachi during the month of September 2012. Results: The mean age was 56 years, with 122 male and 118 female, 40.4 % patients were uneducated, 22.9% metric, 12.9% intermediate and 22.9% were graduate. Considering the knowledge, as to what is diabetes? only 46% answered correctly. What could cause the disease? 35% thought there was no reason for sugar. Regarding most frequent symptom, 27% thought there were no specific symptoms, 24.2% weight loss and 23.8% excessive urine and 21.7% thought not healing of wound was first indicator and 2.1 % thought that increase appetite is the cause. The desired levels of random sugar only 24.2% thought it be around 180 mg /dl while 32.5% had no idea about the value. Desired fasting sugar was correctly known by 34.6% as less than 100 mg/dl and 22.9% as less than 120 mg/dl. , Duration of treatment was believed to be life long treatment by 85%.Oral hypoglycemic were consumed by 68%, 24% were on insulin. And 6% were using both. 75% patients did not do exercise regularly. Regarding the harms created by diabetes, 51.3 % knew that heart or kidneys may get damaged. Regular doctor visits were done by 80% , and 85 % were satisfied with the level of care. The average sugar check cost was less than 100 rupees for 62.1 % . Conclusion: Lack of proper concepts regarding the disease, desired level of sugars, possible complications could be a big hinder in achieving good diabetic control. Thus by addressing the specific deficiencies in the knowledge and practices of patients, a better outcome may be achievable.

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