Document Type

Original Article


Background and objective:

Pakistan is a low middle-income country (LMIC) in South Asia with a rising aging population. This study aimed to understand care-arrangement and resources of people with dementia (PWD) in Karachi, Pakistan.


This cross-sectional mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) study was carried out using 10/66 protocol for dementia patients. Data collection for the study was done from September 2016 till August 2017.This assessed characteristics of patients and caregivers, the economic impact of caregiving, and resources available to care for people with dementia (PWD).


One-hundred-nineteen PWD and their caregivers were included in the study. The average gross national product (GNP) per PWD per capita was $140. Majority of the caregivers were married women, family members, and full-time housewives. Three quarters of the caregivers were patients’ children or spouse residing with the patient, in a 2-to-3-bedroom house. Majority of the time of the caregivers’ day was spent with the PWD.


In Pakistan majority of PWD are dependent on female family members for care. Caregiver roles are full-time responsibilities with little to no burden shared by others. There is low monthly GNP per PWD with a high cost of medical needs of PWD.

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