Document Type

Original Article


Background and objective: There is a paucity of mental health hospital-based studies from Pakistan that have observed the contributing factors of dropout. This study aims to understand contributing factors to dropouts from mental health services.

Method: This telephonic survey was conducted as a cross-sectional study from dropout outpatients of Karwan-e-Hayat Institute for Mental Health Care, a tertiary mental care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Using a simple questionnaire to assess socio-demographic variables, psychosocial assessment, and patient perspectives on treatment termination. A total of 158 participants out of 200 patients provided insight into their dropout experiences.

Result: Results revealed that younger adults, particularly those aged 18-40, demonstrated a greater tendency to discontinue treatment. Level of education was also associated with dropout rates, with uneducated and less educated individuals showing greater tendencies to drop out of treatment than their educated counterparts. Schizophrenia emerged as a leading psychiatric diagnosis associated with high dropout rates. Lack of insight into psychotherapy, patient dissatisfaction, and geographic distance from treatment centers were identified as key contributors to dropout.

Conclusion: Factors such as age, educational status, diagnosis, insight into the disease, dissatisfaction with the treatment and distance from the treatment center were related to the dropout rate. Insights gained from this investigation advocate for tailored interventions focusing on education, patient satisfaction, and proximity to treatment facilities.

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