Document Type

Original Article


ABSTRACT Background and Objective: Stroke is the major cause of disability and one of the top causes of death in the globe. Though the rate is decreasing in the West, it is most likely growing in Asia. In Pakistan, the burden of stroke risk factors is substantial. Although data on the incidence and prevalence of stroke in Pakistan is limited, there are several published case studies demonstrating major disparities in stroke epidemiology, risk factors, kinds, and patterns. This study aims to identify risk factors of intracerebral hemorrhage among patients presenting to a teaching hospital. Methods: From August 2019 to February 2020, 103 patients from DHQ Teaching Hospital Abbottabad's medical units participated in this prospective cross-sectional research. A CT scan of the brain was performed in all patients to identify intra cerebral hemorrhage and was used to diagnose cerebrovascular events. In patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, detailed histories and medical records were thoroughly examined in order to identify risk factors such as uncontrolled hypertension. To detect poorly managed diabetes and hyperlipidemia, fasting blood glucose, fasting serum cholesterol, and fasting triglycerides were measured. SPSS 20 was used to evaluate the data obtained on a standardized proforma. Results: The majority of the patients (n=41) were over 70 years old, with 71 (68.93%) males and 32 (31.07%) females. Intracerebral hemorrhage was reported in 8.74 percent (n=9) of patients with acute cerebrovascular accidents, with 66.67 percent (n=6) having uncontrolled hypertension, 44.44 percent (n=4) having diabetes, and 33.33 percent (n=3) having hyperlipidemia. Conclusion: Intracerebral hemorrhage is prevalent in individuals who have had a cerebrovascular accident, and hypertension is the most common risk factor for this consequence

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