Brain cells regeneration involves renewal and repair of neurons and other cells in the brain, with restoration of their functions. Although this phenomenon was thought to end in early childhood, research has proven that adult neurogenesis is highly possible with some limitations. Regeneration of axons in the central nervous system is very slow and more complicated than neuronal regeneration, especially regeneration of peripheral nerves. Brain cell regeneration in the adult brain can help in recovery of damaged brain cells and correct cellular and brain tissue dysfunction that are commonly seen in some neurological disorders such as Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury and some neurodegenerative diseases like, Dementia, Alzheimer’s disease etc. Adult brain cells regeneration is a complex process that occurs in specific areas of the adult brain such as the Hippocampus and Ventricular zone and involves the formation of new neuronal cells from neural stem cells (Neurogenesis), as well as the formation of new neural connections (Neuroplasticity). This study investigates the processes involved in brain cell regeneration, the intersecting relationships between neurogenesis, neuroplasticity and therapeutic treatment of neurological disorders and the hope for better approaches to the permanent treatment of some neurodegenerative disorders.
Nnagha, Ekene; Egbai, Queen-Helen; and Khizar, Ahtesham
"The Truth About Brain Cells: Is Adult Neurogenesis Possible?,"
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS): Vol. 16:
4, Article 2.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pjns/vol16/iss4/2